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September 1 to 5

Living and learning in the past for you

Fryday, September 1. About three a clock in the morning, a sergeant and foure more of Captain White's company, with one John Barnewood of Captain Pury the elder's company (who went forth in all the other sallies with granadoes) crept forth of a hole made in the dungeon at the east-gate, and came very softly to the mouth of the enemie's mine there. The said Barnewood after he had taken aside the board that covered it, and a pretty while viewed them, fired and cast a granadoe in amongst them our foure muskettiers playing at them as they ran out of it, and so retreated without harme. Wee killed foure and hurt others. This put the enemy into a great fright, they crying nothing but arme, arme, for a good while after .

Saturday, September 2. Our mine in the Fryar's orchard was early this morning perfected, and a sacre placed there. Five out of a company were drawne out upon the walles, and some granadoes provided ready. About eight a clock in the morning we playd thence with our great gunne upon their gallery, our muskettiers sending plenty of shot into their trenches and cast divers granadoes thereinto. The enemy played with their ordnance upon the top of our wall, with which hitting one of our blinds, they killed one of our men, as he was discharging his musket against them. They played likewise with their canon in Gawdy-Greene upon the south gate to little purpose. Wee battered their gallery with our bolt shot, but towards the evening the enemy had sunke a piece against the port-hole of our mine, so that we were forced to withdraw our sacre thence. About night they shot some granadoes into the towne, whereof one fell upon a stable in the Eastgate-street, neer whereunto stood many horses, but hurt none of them. Our men skirmished this day with some straggling men in Walham, where they killed a corporall that refused quarter. We discovered that the enemy, for all the springs, went on with their mine at the east gate, whereupon wee renewed our countermine there. The Welshmen at the Wineyard had likewise now at last gotten the heart to advance as far as the Towne Ham, where placing themselves in a ditch, they played upon our maides and workmen that were fetching turffes out of the little meade, but our great gunne at the pen speaking some harsh language to them, frighted them away, bereaving some of their owne native language.

Sunday, September 3. In the forenoone the congregation assembled at the church to performe holy duties, but the minister being informed of our great danger conceived at the east-gate, the enemy having planted store of canon-baskets there, within lesse than halfe musket-shot, intending a battery there, as we conceived, upon the springing of their mine, dismissed the congregation without any sermon. Whereupon we began the lining of the houses over the eastgate, and the making of a very strong brest worke crosse the eastgate-streete, with a large trench before it, filled by some springs there, intending to raise it up to the eaves of the houses, and to plant some canon there. Wee also this day finished the sconce we began September 1, upon the mount in the garden by the Fryar's orchard, where we could plant foure pieces of canon, to scoure the Fryar's orchard, and all along the eastgate. The enemy with some stragling horse and foote vapoured this day in the Walham, but durst not come within the reach of our musquetiers ; upon the retreate of the horse a peece of ordnance from Captain Pury the elder's sconce, fired and fell in the midst of them, a white horse was seene to fall. In the afternoone a paper was shot upon an arrow into the towne, the contents whereof was this; these are to let you understand your God Waller hath forsaken you, and hath retired himselfe to the Tower of London, Essex is beaten like a dog, yeelde to the king's mercie in time, otherwise, if we enter perforce, no quarter for such obstinate traiterly rogues. From a well wisher.

To which presently upon another arrow was returned this answer.

Waller's no God of ours, base rogues ye lie,

Our God survives from all eternity;

Though Essex beaten be, as you doe say,

Rome's yoke we are resolv'd nere to obey:

But for our cabages which ye have eaten,

Be sure ere long ye shall be soundly beaten.

Quarter we aske you none if we fall downe,

King Charles will lose true subjects with the towne.

So saith your best friend, if you make timely use of him,

Nicholas Cudgel you well.

Munday, September 4. We perceived divers carts loden with sick and maimed souldiers going from Lanthony to the water side at Sudmeade, where some boats attended to carry them to Bristol. The enemy had taken up all their horse about the towne, so we had some hopes of their rasing the siege. This morning early our miners had gotten as far as the outward part of the east gate, where by the working of the enemies we perceived their mine to be sunk a great deale lower than ours, so that we were above them, whereupon we set workemen upon the making of great borers with which wee intended to bore through our mine into theirs, and so to drowne the enemie's mine. We understood likewise that the enemy had by the direction of that Jesuitticall Doctor Chillingworth provided great store of engines after the manner of the Romane Testudines cum Pluteis with which they intended to have assaulted the parts of the city, betweene the south and west gates. These engines ran upon cart wheeles with a blinde of plankes musquet proofe, and holes for foure musquetiers to play out of, placed upon the axeltree to defend the musquetiers and those that thrust it forward, and carrying a bridge before it; the wheeles were to fall into the ditch, and the end of the bridge to rest upon our brest-workes, so making severall compleat bridges to enter the city. To prevent this we intended to have made another ditch out of our workes, so that the wheeles falling therein the bridge would have fallen too short of our brestworkes into our wet moat, and so frustrated their intentions. After the rasing of the seige, we tooke all these engins, and brought them into the towne. This night we discerned two fires upon Waynload-hill, made by two messengers, we had the night before sent out to give us intelligence if reliefe was coming: We answered them again with lights in the colledge tower. The enemie made about six great shot from Lanthony barn, whereof one of twenty-five pound bullet weight came through some houses into Master John Halford's kitchin, where his children were a little before, but did no hurt. We now perfected the lining of the houses over and by the eastgate.

Tuesday, September 5, was appointed for a publique fast to be kept within this citty by such as might be spared from labour. In the space betweene the sermons we discovered their carriages from Lanthony making vp Tredworth feild, and afterwards we perceived their foote and horse marching after, yet we were not assured of their raysing of their seige or that our reliefe was so nere at hand, till we perceived their rere guard to fire their hutts and their men to be drawn out of their trenches, which we perceiving, some of our men ventured forth into their trenches, and fired their gallery and canon baskets. And presently after an honest countrey man came running into the towne, and told us that his Excellencie had beaten Prince Rupert about Stow, and that the rest of the army rose to succour him. We thereupon perceived that God had delivered us, and that we were now freed from the hands of those that had so long thirsted after our blood. To him, therefore, be the honour and glory. Amen.


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