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Dorney's Assessment

Living and learning in the past for you

It was admirable to observe

1. The constancie of resolution in citizens and souldiers amidst so many temptations by reason of promises, threats, delay of succour, and want of intelligence even to the very end, although we had not in the whole town above fifty single barrels of powder at the beginning of the siege, and not above three or foure at the raising thereof. We kept two powder-mills going, and with them made three barrels a week.

2.. The vigilant care and unwearied endeavours of our valiant governor, and most worthy serjeant-major, and the officers and souldiers of both regiments, in keeping the guards day and night without any reliefe, and the courage and good successe they had in their many sallies against the enemy.

3. The cheerfull readinesse of yong and old of both sexes, as well of the better as inferiour sort of people by day and night, to labour in the further fortification of our citie. Nay, our maids and others wrought daily without the works in the little mead, in fetching in turfe in the very faces of our enemies.

4. The little hurt done by the enemy with their cannon, muskets and mortar peeces, that sent so many terrible messengers amongst us. All that we lost (either taken or slain) amounted not to the number of above fifty men, yet we killed of the enemy (although they never durst venture an assault against us) above a thousand men, as hath been confessed by some prisoners and renegadoes, and is generally confirmed by the voice of the whole countrey, that continually heard the muttering of their souldiers at their return to their quarters, some say fifteen hundred, some more: we killed likewise most of their canoniers, so that they were forced to send to Bristoll for more, five whereof the king valued before five hundred men.

5. The libertie we had in this strait siege for holy duties, though wee were continually necessitated to bodily labour, and that the siege was raised upon a day of solemn humiliation.

6. How opportunely his Excellencie came with reliefe unto us, through the great care of the parliament and citie of London, even then when the enemy thought themselves ready to devour us: for they had made many strong works and batteries within lesse than pistoll shot of our walls, undermined our gate, and wrought themselves quite over our moat, and provided their engines and bridges in readinesse. In all these they shewed and used extraordinary skill and industry .

7. The plenty and store of provision we had in the town of all sorts, so that we turned out even to the very last houre they staied before us, above two hundred head of cattell over our workes to graze in the very noses of them, beside others we kept in the town upon hay,

8. How confident our enemies were of prevailing, and how often they vainly promised to themselves victory: yet though they conceived mischiefe, they brought forth a lie, their designes were blasted, and we contrary to their expectation delivered.

Which gracious acts of divine providence do deeply engage us to praise the Lord of Hosts with our hearts, lips and lives, who hath gone out with our hosts, whose eye hath watched over us, and whose strong hand was with us. He made us a citie of refuge to others, and hath now been a refuge to us in the time of our distresse. What hath been done by us in our just defence against unlawfull violence, hath not proceeded from any disloyalty to our soveraigne lord the king (whom God preserve) but out of our endevours to defend true religion and justice, the main pillars of the king's throne: and therefore we far lesse deserve to be stiled desperate rebels, than those that pretend themselves good subjects, and are nothing lesse, their practices wholly tending to the subversion of the protestant religion, and the destruction of the common-wealth.

Our cause wee commit to him that judgeth righteously, upon whom we only depend for our protection, and to whom we daily pray, that he would be reconciled to prince and people, and reconcile each to other, that there may be no more shedding of innocent blood, nor bitter complaining heard in our streets.

Laus Deo in Šternum.

Since the siege September 12, we received intelligence, that there was some ammunition come from Bristoll in a bark to Newnam (about ten miles from Glocester) for Hereford; whereupon we sent out a party of about forty-five foot, and a troop of horse, to seize upon it for the use of our garrison, who according seized upon the same, being two tun of match, and some store of wine, and such other merchandize, and brought it in wains to Glocester. Sir John Winter sent out some horse to prevent us, but they durst not come within a mile of us.





Henry Earle of Stamford, Colonel.

Henry Stephens, Colonel.

Edward Massie, Lieutenant-colonel and Govemour of Glocester.
Constance Ferrer, Major of the town, and Serjeant-major to this regiment.

Humph. Matthewes, Lieutenant-colonel.
Isaac Dobson, Serjeant-major

Edward Grey,
Charles Blunt,
Peter Crisp,
Edward Cotton,
William White,
Robert Malery,
George Massie.


William Singleton,
Thomas Pury, senior
Luke Nurse,
John Nelme
John Evans
Thomas Pury, junior,


John Read, Captain Lieutenant.

Robert Stevenson Capt. Lieutenant.




There was likewise a broken regiment of dragoones of about one hundred men under the command of Col. Forbes, that upon the taking of Bristoll came from Berkley Castle hither. But the other two regiments do properly belong to this garrison.




He that doth stand so weIl upon his guard,

I hope shall never miss a good reward.


THE affection which I bear you in particular, and the citie in generaIl (and no sinister end I call God to record) extorteth these lines from me. for should I be silent when the desolation of that place (I so dearly affect, and where I have bin so dearly beloved) is at hand ; I conceive the very stones of that citie being ruined, will rise up against me for ingratitude: but if my advice be not taken, and misery befall both the place and its neighbourhood, the fault shall then rest on you and the now inhabitants, and my conscience cleared. You well know, or at least may have heard, that the citie of Bristoll is taken, twelve ships at sea yeelded, two ships of ammunition from Rochel newly come into the harbour seized on, one ship with great artillery and ammunition coming from the parliament for reliefe of that citie, taken. And this I know, that there are great preparations made for the taking of your citie: all Prince Rupert's forces from BristoIl, with addition of fifteen hundred armed Welsh, and two thousand club men out of Wales, and arms sufficient for to arm them from Bristoll, eight hundred foot from Worcester, with a regiment of horse, five thousand foot with a brigade of horse of the queen's from Oxon. But I much fear that this will hardly sink into the beliefe of some amongst you, yet when you shall hear of the particular randevouzes, and your town surrounded, nay, your houses fired over your eares; then, when it is too late, I much fear, will be the time of repentance. Wherefore I desire you, as you love God, and the good of your citie for which you serve, and the which is committed to your charge and protection, to take into consideration your sad condition if the citie be taken by force (most of the army being set against you very bitterly :) and if it be not taken, in what condition of poverty and misery both your citie and countrey will fall into. Is not your provision of corn out of Herefordshire, your commerce (wherein most of your livelihoods and being subsisted) both up and down the river, taken quite away ? and if you will not consider your own good, yet in conscience think on your neighbours in the country, who have alwayes bin aiding and assisting to you for your protection, who must expect nothing but ruine, if by no other way, yet by the very lying of so mighty an army amongst them; and if they be ruined, whence can you expect future supplyes, and the very laying of a siege before your town, must necessarily produce a destruction to your corn and provision of cattell ; and who will be losers thereby but your selves, I know not: but this I further know, that your ammunition is not over-much, your places of supply no where, your enemy continually at your doore, and able to retire to his own home at pleasure, and your friends farre, and utterly unable, or at least not capable to send you present reliefe. I know you to be a conscientious honest man, and one whose aimes (as I have thought) have tended to the publick good, and now is the greatest time and opportunity to demonstrate your affections by using some course for an accommodation between your citie and his majesty (who now is here at Bristoll) and from whom I dare boldly affirme by some great friends I have neer him at court, I can procure any favour either for the citie in generall, or your selfe in particular: and of this you may be confident; but if once the forces come against it, you must expect no manner of mercie, but present ruine : wherefore if you intend any thing, let it be done with speed, and send to my quarter at Charvild, where you may send anyone to me without suspition. I beseech you seriously to weigh these things in your breast, and to weigh them as coming from one that dearly loves you and your citie. And God give you all grace to doe that which may most tend to your good, are the prayers of

your reall loving friend.




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