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August 24 to 31

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Thursday, August 24. This day there was a conference with Mr. Bell of Sancthurst, and Mr. Hill of Tewxbury within the draw-bridge at the north gate, upon their desire thereof by a letter sent that morning, intimating thereby that they had something to impart unto us for our good by word of mouth, which could not be done by letter or otherwise. The effect of their speech was to perswade the yeelding up of the citie in regard of the great power and terrible threats of the enemy, and small hopes, and in a manner impossibility of relief, withall adding the heavy burthens under which the countrey groaned, which they said were likely to prove heavier if we yeelded not. To this speech they received a resolute negative answer, and so departed. The enemy made divers shot this day with two piece of ordnance they had newly planted at Lanthony, but did little hurt, killed none. One bullet of about twenty pound weight came through a chamber of the inne called the Crown, carried a boulster before it into the window, and there slept in it. This night came the only rain that happened during the whole siege, which much annoyed the enemy in their trenches. This night we discovered a fire upon Wain-loade's hill, which gave us some encouragement, because we had appointed a man we had formerly sent out, if he heard of any relief, and could not come to tell us thereof; to make a fire there, which he now did accordingly. But the enemy not willing the countrey should take notice of it, or their souldiers be discouraged thereby, endeavoured to perswade them, it was their stratageme purposely made to deceive us, and to draw us out upon some ambuscadoes they pretended to have layd.

Fryday, August 25. Some few musketteers of ours this morning sallied forth of the north port, and gave the enemy an alarm, who through the suddennesse of the alarm, and hurly burly thereupon, had a barrell of powder blowne up. In the afternoone their ordnance playd from Gawdie-Greene, and they likewise from thence shot many granadoes, two fell into the south-gate-streete, whereof one mortally wounded a woman, but did no other harme ; some others fell upon severall houses in the citie, and shrewdly battered them, but did no other hurt; one fell downe upon the enemie's workes. They shot likewise great fire-balls, which did no harme. They also shot great stones out of their morter-pieces, which did little hurt, and killed none. In the evening and night following, they shot from their battery, at Lanthony, above twenty fiery melting hot iron bullets, some eighteen pound, others twenty-two pound waight; in the night wee perceived them flying in the ayre like a starre shooting, most of them fell into houses and stables where hay was, but by God's great providence did no hurt at all. One came through three houses, and fell into a chamber of Mr. Comelin's the apothecary, and being perceived, many payles of water were cast upon it to quench the same, but that little avayling, it was cast into a cowle of water, where after a good space it cooled. This night (it being suspected that false rumours of our being taken might be spread abroad to hinder our reliefe) it was ordered that some lights should be set up on the colledge-tower, to give notice abroad of our holding out, the performance whereof was committed to the care of Captain Pury junior, who performed it accordingly. The enemy vexed thereat levelled some shot at the tower, one whereof came close by the said Captain Pury , as he was looking towards Lanthony, whence their fiery bullets came, who for all that continued the burning of his linkes till the moone was fully risen.

Saturday, August 26. The enemy wrought hard in filling up the moate (at the place they had battered) with fagotts and earth, making a gallery over the head of their trench, to save themselves from our shot: at night they made some shot from their battery at Gawdy-Greene, upon the town wall, on the southside of the Fryar's orchard, but did no harm, only two or three hurt a little by the flying of the stones of the wall. Divers times during this siege some of our men would go forth over the works, and fetch hay out of Walham, which to prevent, the enemy this day, as often before, set some of the cockes on fire, which some by reason of our shot, I beleeve, dearely repented.

Sunday August 27. The enemy wrought hard in casting earth into the moate, and making divers trenches elsewhere. They also this day made about twenty great shot upon the house over the east-gate.

Munday, August 28. Wee conceived that the enemy had sunke a mine under the east gate, whereupon we began to countermine in two severall places there, but finding springs we left off, conceiving the enemy would be forced to doe the like for the same reason.

Tuesday, August 29. We began to undermine on the east side of the Fryar's orchard, to make a place to put forth a piece of ordnance at the bottome of the wall, to batter the flanke of the enemie's gallery, there we likewise made some great shot upon the enemie's trenches at the east gate from the Fryar's barn. This night two intelligencers we had sent forth on Saturday night last, returned from Warwicke with newes of speedy reliefe from his Excellency and Sir William Waller.

Wednesday, August 30. Being the publique fast day, there were two sermons preached at St. Nicholas, without any disturbance, only a musket bullet fell into the church, but did no harme. This day we turned out our cattle to graze in the little meade, and so continued them afterwards, guarded by some muskettiers, taking them in at night: wee made a bridge of ladders, and thereby put them in over the workes. This day and the day before, the enemy shot out of their canon long loggetts of wood, which did no harme.

Thursday, August 31. We againe turned out most of our cattle into the little meade, guarded by some few muskettiers, the enemy fretting thereat, sent out some horse and straggling muskettiers, upon whom wee did some small execution; wee should have done more, durst the enemy have adventured against us, but they kept themselves still almost musket shot at randome of us: at the Barbican three of the company of Sergeant Major Ferrer (major of the towne, who for his indefatigable paines, and extraordinary care and faithfulnesse to us, hath exceedingly deserved of us and the whole kingdome) crept along Seavern-Bank, and gave the enemy an alarm, holding them play almost an houre : upon the alarm about an hundred of the enemies had gathered themselves under a wall at Lanthony, upon whom wee discharged a demi-culvering, shot from the Barbican, which lighted in the midst of them, made the stones of the wall fly about their eares, and could not but doe good execution.


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