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August 17 to 23

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Thursday, 17 August. The enemy shot divers granadoes out of their battery in Gawdy Green into the towne; whereof about four fell upon some houses and brake into them, but (by God's providence) did no harme, and one fell into the street neer the south gate, but a woman coming by with a payle of water, threw the water thereon, and extinguished the phuse thereof, so that it did not break, but was taken up whole: it weighed sixty pound weight. This night the enemy made divers alarmes about the city, and our ordnance and muskettiers plaid hard against them. They then likewise brought fagots and the like to the moate by the Fryar's orchard, but were beaten off by our musketteers from the wals. This day a printed paper conteyning the king's message and our answer thereunto was sent out of the king's army, unto M. Alderman Pury, with a perswasive letter for the surrendring up of the citie, the close of which printed paper runs thus, "Let the world now judge if his majestie could have sent a more gratious message to his most loyall subjects, and whether these desperate rebels deserve any mercy, who after so many offers do still refuse a pardon: but since their returning this rebellious answer they have set their own suburbs on fire; which surely is not to keep the city either for king or parliament. Printed at Oxford, &c." At the same time there was also sent unto him certain specious considerations and reasons subtilly composed, tending to satisfie conscience in the delivering up of the citie notwithstanding the late oath and protestation, wherewithall the said Captain Pury being not convinced, did not divulge the same till after the siege was raised.

Friday, 18 August. The enemy played with their ordnance at Gawdy Green upon the wall on the south side of the Fryar's orchard, but did small hurt thereunto. They having likewise (after the conjunction of the Welsh with the Worcester forces) drawn four pieces of ordnance to the Kingsholme, one whereof they planted against the Awnyate, and the sconces thereunto adjoyning. A partie of about four hundred muskettiers commanded by Major Pudsey, and Captain Gray assisted by Captain Faulkner, and Captain Massie, sallied forth of the north gate, being led by one Weaver, a stout fellow of Captain Pury the younger's company as their guide, and having sent Lieutenant Pincocke with about fifty musketteers over the workes at the little meade to give them an alarme, who advancing up to their canon (that made but one shot against them,) in the mean while they got behind their canon and brestwork there, and fell upon their maine-guard, killed divers of their officers, and two canoneers, with about one hundred common souldiers mortally wounded, Captain Basset with divers others, took Lieutenant Tipper and about four others prisoners, nailed their canon and retreated without other losse than two killed, and about four taken prisoners.

Saturday, August 19. The enemy having planted three peeces of ordinance at Gawdy Greene as afore-said, and now three more on the east side of the Fryar's orchard neare Rignall stile, within lesse than pistoll-shot of the town-wall, and two more in another battery neare the east-gate. They began a most furious battery upon both sides of the corner of the wall next Rignall stile, making above one hundred and fifty great shot thereupon, wherwith they shrewdly battered the wall, but our earth-workes stood firme; by all this shot there was only a man and a maide hurt, and a canon-bullet, its force being almost spent, running along the ground struck down a pigge, which our souldiers eat, and afterwards well jeered the enemy therewith. Upon this battery of the wall we began a brestwork from the wall on the south side of the Fryar's orchard all along the middle of the said orchard, and so making up all passages into the towne betweene that and the east-gate. This day (as hath beene confessed by some of the king's army) we killed three of their principall canoneers. This day and the night following the enemy shot divers granadoes into the town, whereof one fell in at the top of M. Hathwaye's house into his chamber over his kitchin, and thence obliquely descending through the end of the chamber took that with it, and brake in his court. One piece fell in the kitchin chimney, where three women were sitting by the fire, but by God's blessing hurt neither of them. The rest did no other hurt than to houses, and that not much neither. We expected that the enemy would have fallen on this night, whereupon we beat up an alarme with our drummes round about the city. The enemy attempted to make a passage over the moat at the place they had battered, but being descried by our sentinels, they were beaten off with some losse by our musketteers.

Sunday, 20 August. This morning that rogue Hatton, one of our canoneers, ran away to the enemie. The enemy followed hard their trench-work, and carrying of fagots. And some of ours, whilst other went to church, as at other times, to implore divine assistance, wrought likewise at our works within the city.

Munday, August 21. Two severall parties were designed for the nailing of the enemie's canon. The one being about two hundred musketteers, commanded by Captaine Stevenson, and assisted by Captaine Moore, sallied forth at the north gate to have fallen upon their trenches at the east gate, but their guide foolishly mistaking the way, brought them round about to S. Jacob Ashleye's quarters at the Barton, whereabout forty muskettiers encountred with five colours of the enemy, and having slaine divers of them, and taken Lievetenant Anderson, and Lievetenant Trappes, prisoners, forced them to a retreat, then marching through the Barton court, they faced and fired at eight colours more, and so retreated. In the retreat two troops of the enemie's horse came upon the reere, but ensigne Matthewes facing about, charged them, and forcing them to retyre, made good our retreat. In this skirmish were two killed, three hurt, and a serjeant of Captain Nelmes taken prisoner; this party was all of Colonell Stephens' regiment, and some few of Colonell Devereux' men. The other was of the Lord Stamford's regiment commanded by Captain Blunt assisted by Captain William White, who sallied forth by boat down Severne, and marched up to the enemie's quarters at Severne street, beat the enemy out of their redoubt there, (our canon the mean while playing from the Barbican upon the houses there) killed Serjeant Major Wels, captain of the watch, and some common souldiers, took one prisoner, and advanced up to the turnepike at the upper end of Severn street. But the designe failing through the misguidance of the other party, they were called off, and by the help of our ordnance from the Barbican made a fair retreat without losse of any, only two wounded.

Wednesday, August 23. About fifteen musketeers sallied out of the north gate and gave the enemies an alarme and so retreated. This day the enemy received supply of provision and ammunition by water from Bristoll. We employed ourselves in lyning the Fryar's barne on the outside with earth for the preservation of our canon there, and in strengthening of our brestworks there, conceiving the enemy had intended a battery against it. In the evening, the enemy shot some few granadoes into the town, which did no harme. And about nine of the clock at night two of ours out of a company (all the other sallies being in like manner commanded men out of both regiments) sallied out of the north-gate, and giving the enemy an allarme, retreated. The enemy thereupon after our retreate spent good store of powder and shot against the wind.


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