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August 10 to 16

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Thursday, August 10. His majesty with about six thousand horse and foote as we conceived, the Welch and Worcester forces coming after, faced us in Tredworth field, at the foote of Robinhood's-hill; about a quarter of a mile off the towne; and about two thousand horse more faced us in WaIham, within canon-shot at randome of our workes. Towards the afternoone his majesty sent a message by two heraulds at armes, whereof the one being Somerset herald, read the message at the Tolsey as followeth :-

" Out of our tender compassion to our City of Glocester, and that it may not receive prejudice by our army, which we cannot prevent, if We be compelled to assault it; we are personally come before it to require the same, and are gratiously pleased to let all the inhabitants of and all other persons within that city, as well souldiers as others, know that if they shall immediately submit themselves and deliver this city to us, we are contented freely and absolutely to pardon every one of them, without exception; And doe assure them in the word of a king, that they nor any of them shall receive the least damage or prejudice by our army in their persons or estates : but that we will appoint such a governour and a moderate garison to reside there, as shall be both for the ease and security of that city , and that whole county. But if they shall neglect this offer of grace and favour, and compell us by the power of our army to reduce that place (which by the helpe of God, we doubt not, we shall easily and shortly be able to doe) they must thanke themselves for all the calamities and miseries that must befall them. To this message we expect a cleere and positive answer within two houres after the publishing hereof, and by these presents doe give leave to any persons, safely to repaire to and returne from us, whom that city shall desire to imploy unto us in that businesse. And doe require all the officers and souldiers of our army quietly to suffer them to passe accordingly."

The herald mentioned the publishing of this message openly in the streete, but his majesty by his message not requiring the same, the governour would no wayes permit it. But the heralds being withdrawne, after some debate in satisfying Mr. Major's scruples touching his oath of majoralty, an answer was drawne, and unanimously agreed unto both by citizens and souldiers in these words following :-

" We the inhabitants, magistrates, officers and souldiers within this garrison of Gloucester, unto hill majestie's gracious message, returne this humble answer. That we doe keepe this city according to our oathes and allegiance, to and for the use of his majesty and his royall posterity, and doe accordingly conceive ourselves wholy bound to obey the commands of his majesty, signified by both houses of parliament, and are resolved by God's helpe to keepe this city accordingly."

This answer was immediately sent to his majesty, (who was by that time come to Tredworth-field, attended by Prince Charles, the Duke of Yorke, Prince Rupert, Lord Generall Ruthen, &c,) by Serjeant Major Pudsey, and a citizen who accordingly presented the same and so returned. Thereupon his majestie's forces advanced forward into our suburbs, chiefely on the east-part into Barton-streete, where we killed a commander from the east-gate: But the houses proved too hot for such inhabitants, for we had after the returne of our messengers, fired all our suburbs on the north, east and south parts, as being those that could and would have done us most harme: yet one Issold's house in Barton-streete (by reason of a garden betwixt that and the next above) tooke not fire, so that the enemy played from thence with musket-shot against us, till we by five or six canon shot from the walles, forced them to quit that place. Our canon likewise from the pen upon the west-gate, discharged upon the body of horse in Walham, and doing some small execution there, made them goe seeke better quarters. Our women and maides wrought all this after-noone in the little meade out of our workes in the very faces of those horses, in fetching in turfe for the repairing of our workes : we were forced now through want of men for the guarding of the city itselfe (we being not above fourteen hundred at most) to quit our out-guards of the Wine-yard, and the two sconces we had formerly made at each corner of the Isle of Alney for the securing thereof and the river of Seaverne.

Friday, August 11th. Upon breake of day we discovered that the enemy had the night before begun their entrenchments in Gawdy-Greene, on the south part of the city, and about Issold's house on the east part, both within lesse than musket-shot of our walles. They had likewise cut the pipes that conveied our water from Robinhood's-hill to our conduits, and diverted the course of water that drove our corne-mills, so that we were forced to content ourselves with pumpe and Seaverne water, and to grind our corne with horse-mills. Their pioneeres plied their workes in their trenches, the musketteeres on both sides playing hard, we lost only a boy and a girle through their indiscretion gazing over the walles. The Welsh forces under Sir William Vavasor advanced to the Wine-yard, where after two houres' solemnity, they with great valour tooke it, no body being there to make a shot against them. Yet upon their entry of the outward worke, when they saw another within, they according to their knowne prowesse, immediately ran out, yet taking heart againe, they at last, to their eternall glory, tooke it. Upon their drawing up on the side of the hill, our demeculverin discharged from the pen fell amongst them and did good execution; we discovered them through our prospectives carrying away their dead or maimed, and afterwards divers gazing where the bullet grazed that durst adventure so farre to kill her nowne cozens and countrymen. Among this crew, had that treacherous Adams, once a lieutenant colonell under Sir William Waller, placed himselfe. They about two dayes afterwards leaving a sufficient guard at the Wine yard and the sconse by Maysemore, made a bridge of boats there, and joyned with the forces that had now newly come from Worcester and quartered on the north west side of the city, at Longford and the Kingsholme, where they made their leagure in two fields there about, lesse than halfe a mile off us. The Lord Generall Ruthen had placed his leagure at some grounds behind Lanthony, within a quarter of a mile of the towne, it being some-what sheltered from our Shot by a rising ground that lay betweene, yet our Shot hapned sometime amongst them and did some execution. There their lord generall pitched his tent, and Sir Jacob Ashley quartered at Mr. Wood's house in Barton-streete: Captaine Lieutenant Harcus, assisted by Colonell Stevens' ensigne, at mid-night issued forth of the south port, with a small party, beat the enemy from their trenches, and brought away many of their shovels and pickaxes. The same night the enemy making an approach in Barton-street, our canon from the east-gate killed six of them, whereof one was a lieutenant colonell, and another a captaine of the queene's black regiment under Colonell Blackwell, Sir Jacob Ashley was then shot in the arme. The enemy likewise advancing somewhat from Lanthony toward the Barbican, our guards there fired upon them and killed and wounded many of them, as we have received information by divers confessions.

August 12, Saterday. In the forenoon a party commanded by Captaine Leivetenant Harcus sallied forth through a door we made for that purpose in a brick-house adjoyning to the towne wall on the south east part over against Rignall stile (making a bridge of ladders over the moat) and fell into the enemies trenches in Gawdy Green, beat them out, gained some working tooles, arms and prisoners, and retreated without losse of any, onely two wounded. This was a hot skirmish for the space of halfe an houre. In the afternoon a party of about one hundred and fifty musketteers commanded by Captain Gray sallied forth over the works at the little mead, and fell upon the enemies quarters at the Kingsholme, marched up to their main-guard, there killed Captain Rumney, and about eight or nine common souldiers, took five prisoners, and divers armes, burnt their main-guard, and houses they quartered in, and retreated without the losse of any. These were the Worcester forces with whom the Welsh had not yet joyned. The same afternoon after our retreat the enemie had planted two great culverins of between fifteen and sixteen pound bullet at the east side out of musket shot point blanke, with which they made some store of shot, intending to batter the town-wall, but did no harm, although many fell into the town. They then likewise began the making of a redoubt in a field neer Lanthony towards Severn, making a breast-work from it to Lanthony wall crosse the causey. And we perceiving by their canon baskets they placed in their square redoubt in Gawdy Green that they intended a battery there, began the lining of our towne wall from the south to the east gate, which we shortly after perfected; That night the enemy shot severall great granadoes out of their morter pieces, they all brake, but did no harme; we have since received intelligence from some that were the whole leaguer in the king's army, that their biggest morter-piece brake at the first discharging of it, they say the biggest in England.

Sunday, August 13. The enemy having planted three pieces of ordnance on their battery at Gawdy Green of fifteen and twenty-three pound bullet weight, began to batter the wall and brick-house over against Rignall stile, killed one of our men (no souldier) in the said brick-house, as he was peeping there, but did no other harm. This day we began the blocking up of the south port, making a damme of earth against the draw bridge, and a breast-work canon proofe against the wall reaching from the draw bridge to the gate, and lining the houses on each side, and the almes-house between the gate and draw-bridge with earth.

Munday, August 14. We had some suspition and kind of intelligence that they were drawing ordnance to the Kingshome ; and that it lay in some grounds undiscovered between the north gate and the Margarets ; wherupon a party of about one hundred and fifty musketteers commanded by Captaine Mallery sallied forth of the north port to surprize it, but not finding any, retreated without losse, but killed four of the enemies, and took two prisoners, and fired some of their quarters at the Margarets. This day the enemy played with their ordnance from Gawdy Green, and battered the town wall on the south-side of the Fryer's orchard, but we quickly made up the breach with wool-sackes and canon baskets. By this time they had drawne their trench in Gawdy Greene neer the moat at Rignall stile, where they made a kind of mine to drain the moat, which much sunk the water of the moat between the south and east ports.

Tuesday, 15 August. The enemy removed their tents and carriages to their leaguer neer Lanthony. And in the afternoon valiant James Harcus, captain lievetenant to the Earl of Stamford was slaine in the Fryar's orchard, as he was too venterously looking what execution a granado had done, which he then threw into the enemies trenches.

Wednesday, 16 August. About one hundred and fifty musketteers commanded by Captain Crispe sallied forth at the north port, and fell upon the enemies trenches upon the east side of the Friar's orchard, killed above one hundred men (as is confessed by some of the enemies themselves) wounded many, beat them out of their trenches, took some spades, shovels, and arms, and retreated without the losse of any, only two wounded after an exceeding hot skirmish for the space of halfe an hour or more, the canon and muskets on both sides playing most furiously. Amongst others a serjeant and corporall of Captaine Nelme's company were observed to behave themselves very bravely. The enemie began this day to intrench between Barton street and the Fryar's barne, within musket shot of the wals. And we imployed some time in lining of the house adjoyning to the north gate with earth, and in amending and strengthening the works about the Fryar's barne.


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